Benjamin Franklin Quotes : Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706 in Boston. He was one of the Founding Fathers who drafted the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States. A renowned polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As an inventor, he is known for the lightning rod, bifocals, and the Franklin stove, among other inventions and organized the first successful American lending library. He died on April 17, 1790.