Eleanor Roosevelt Quotes : Eleanor Roosevelt Born in New York City on October 11, 1884. She was an American politician, diplomat, and activist. She was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States through her active participation in American politics. She was the wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and after his death, she became chair of the U.N.’s Human Rights Commission and helped to write the Universal Declaration of Human Rights—an effort that she considered to be her greatest achievement. She died on November 7, 1962.