Mahatma Gandhi Quotes : Mahatma Gandhi in full Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. He is also called the Father of the Nation and known as the architect of a form of non-violent civil disobedience that would influence the world. Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India. He led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. He died on 30 January 1948.